Lexicon of Building-Stone Names

(Page-top illustration: Detail of polished, epidote- and chlorite-rich Waupaca Granite, a rapakivi type with light-toned plagioclase feldspar mantling the large red alkali feldspar phenocrysts in places. Graceland Cemetery Chapel, Chicago, Illinois, USA. The Waupaca Granite dates to the Mesoproterozoic eon and is part of Wisconsin’s Wolf River Batholith.)   

How to Use This Lexicon

This section was originally intended as an appendix to be included in the books of my Stone and Clay (S&C) series, but word-count restrictions precluded its placement there.

The following alphabetized list, which will be updated regularly, is my tally of the trade names I’ve come across for the building stones I’ve cited in published or upcoming S&C volumes, and also in my Flickr architectural-geology photo descriptions.

Note that the trade name is listed at left; my own preferred, geology-based names, as used in S&C and my Flickr descriptions, at in full caps at right.

A

Abelman Quartzite: HINCKLEY SANDSTONE

Abelman Stone: HINCKLEY SANDSTONE

Aberdeen Granite (from Scotland): ABERDEENSHIRE GRANITE

Aberdeen Granite (from Wisconsin): ATHELSTANE GRANITE

Absolute Black Zimbabwe Granite: MASHONALAND DIABASE

Addison Black Granite: ADDISON GABBRO

Alps Green Marble: AOSTA VALLEY OPHICALCITE or POLCEVARA OPHICALCITE

Amberg Granite: ATHELSTANE GRANITE

American Black Granite: ELVERSON DIABASE

American Bouquet Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

American Mist Granite: ELVERSON DIABASE

American Rose Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

Amherst Gray Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Artesian Limestone: ARTESIAN DOLOSTONE

Ashland Stone: CHEQUAMEGON SANDSTONE

Aspen Grey Marble: YULE MARBLE

Aswan Red Granite: ASWAN GRANITE

Athens Marble: LEMONT-JOLIET DOLOSTONE

Aurora Limestone: FOX VALLEY DOLOSTONE

Ausable (or Au Sable) Blue Granite: MARCY METANORTHOSITE

B

Balfour Pink Granite: SALISBURY GRANITE

Bardiglio Marble: CARRARA MARBLE

Barre Granite: BARRE GRANODIORITE

Barre Gray Granite: BARRE GRANODIORITE

Batavia Limestone: FOX VALLEY DOLOSTONE

Batesville Marble: BOONE LIMESTONE

Bay View Gray Granite: CAPE ANN GRANITE

Bay View Green Granite: CAPE ANN GRANITE

Bedford Limestone: SALEM LIMESTONE

Bedford Stone: SALEM LIMESTONE

Bellingham Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

Benedict Stone: LARVIKITE MONZONITE

 Berea Grit: BEREA SANDSTONE

Bettogli Marble (sometimes misspelled Betogli or Betogi): CARRARA MARBLE

Bianco Venato Marble: CARRARA MARBLE

Birmingham Buff Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Black and Gold Marble: PORTORO LIMESTONE

Black Benedict Stone: LARVIKITE MONZONITE

Blue Pearl Granite: LARVIKITE MONZONITE

Blue Westerly Granite: NARRAGANSETT PIER GRANTE

Bohus Granite: SOUTHERN SWEDISH RED GRANITE

Botticino Marble: BOTTICINO LIMESTONE

Braggville Pink Granite: MILFORD GRANITE

Branco Real Granite: PEDRAS SALGADAS GRANITE

Branford Pink Granite: STONY CREEK GNEISS

Branford Red Granite: STONY CREEK GNEISS

Breccia di Sciro: SKYROS BRECCIA

Breccia di Skyros: SKYROS BRECCIA

Briar Hill Sandstone: MASSILLON SANDSTONE

Briar Hill Stone: MASSILLON SANDSTONE

Bridgeport Limestone: PRAIRIE DU CHIEN DOLOSTONE (WISCONSIN); BRIDGEPORT DOLOSTONE (CHICAGO)

Brocatello di Siena Marble: GIALLO SIENA LIMESTONE

Buena Vista Freestone: BUENA VISTA SILTSTONE

Buena Vista Sandstone: BUENA VISTA SILTSTONE

Buhr Stone: PARIS BASIN BUHR CHERT

Buff Amherst Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Burrstone: PARIS BASIN BUHR CHERT

Buixcarro Cream Marble: BUIXCARRÓ LIMESTONE

C

Calacatta Golden Marble: YULE MARBLE

Calacatta Lincoln Marble: YULE MARBLE

Campanian Ignimbrite: PHLEGREAN FIELDS TUFF

Canadian Black Granite: LAC-SAINT-JEAN ANORTHOSITE

Canadian Black Slate: TEMISCOUATA SLATE

Canyon Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Carbondale Brownstone: BOSKYDELL SANDSTONE

Carbondale Sandstone: BOSKYDELL SANDSTONE

Carnelian Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

Carthage Marble: BURLINGTON-KEOKUK LIMESTONE

Castelo Branco Granite: PEDRAS SALGADAS GRANITE

Castelo Real Granite: PEDRAS SALGADAS GRANITE

Cedarburg Limestone: CEDARBURG-GRAFTON DOLOSTONE

Charcoal Black Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Chelmsford Gray Granite: CHELMSFORD GRANITE

Cherokee Marble: MURPHY MARBLE

Cleveland Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Cold Spring Pearl Pink Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Cold Spring Red Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Colorado Golden Vein Marble: YULE MARBLE

Colorado Yule Marble: YULE MARBLE

Columbia Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Convent Siena Marble: MONTAGNOLA SENESE LIMESTONE

Coral Rouge Marble: HOLSTON LIMESTONE

Crab Orchard Stone: CROSSVILLE SANDSTONE

Crema Marfil Marble: PINOSO LIMESTONE

Creole Marble: MURPHY MARBLE

D

Danby Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Dakota Mahogany Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

Darlington Sandstone: ST. PETER SANDSTONE

D’Este Travertine: TIVOLI TRAVERTINE

Diamond Gray Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Diamond Pink Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Duluth Gray Granite: HINSDALE GRANITE

E

Eastman Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Eastman’s Cream Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Ebony Black Granite: HÄGGHULT DIABASE

Egyptian Black Granite: ASWAN GRANODIORITE

Emerald Pearl Granite: LARVIKITE MONZONITE

Escalette Breche: UCHENTEIN BRECCIA 

Escalette Marble: UCHENTEIN BRECCIA

Esopus Grit: SHAWANGUNK CONGLOMERATE

Etowah Marble: MURPHY MARBLE

Euclid Bluestone: EUCLID SILTSTONE

Euclid Stone: EUCLID SILTSTONE

EW Gold Limestone: BONNETERRE DOLOSTONE

F

Fitzwilliam Granite: CONCORD GRANITE

Florida Rose Marble: BUIXCARRÓ LIMESTONE

Florido Cream Marble: PINOSO LIMESTONE

Fond du Lac Limestone: FOND DU LAC DOLOSTONE

Fox Island Granite: VINALHAVEN GRANITE

G

Galena Limestone: PLATTEVILLE-GALENA DOLOSTONE

George Washington Sandstone: AQUIA CREEK SANDSTONE

Georgia Pink Marble: MURPHY MARBLE

Georgia Verd Antique Marble: HOLLY SPRINGS SERPENTINITE

Georgia White Marble: MURPHY MARBLE

Giallo Siena Marble: MONTAGNOLA SENESE MARBLE

Glass Rock: QUIMBYS MILL LIMESTONE

Gray Canyon Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Gray Sardo Granite: BUDDUSÒ GRANITE

Greenstone (as used in the Chicago architecture): CHESTER COUNTY SERPENTINITE or NAPOLEON SANDSTONE

Gris Mondariz: MONDARIZ GRANITE

H

Hägghult Black Granite: HÄGGHULT DIABASE

Halderman Blue Stone: BEREA SANDSTONE

I

Imperial Danby Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Imperial Red Granite: SOUTHERN SWEDISH RED GRANITE

Incarnat Marble: LANGUEDOC LIMESTONE

Indiana Limestone: SALEM LIMESTONE

J

Jaspé du Var Marble: POURCIEUX BRECCIA

Jaspe Marble: POURCIEUX BRECCIA

Jasper Stone: SIOUX QUARTZITE

Jay White Granite: NORTH JAY GRANITE

Jet Mist Granite: RAPIDAN DIABASE

Joliet Limestone: LEMONT-JOLIET DOLOSTONE

Joliet Marble: LEMONT-JOLIET DOLOSTONE

K

Kasota Limestone: ONEOTA DOLOSTONE

Kasota Valley Limestone: ONEOTA DOLOSTONE

Kasota Marble: ONEOTA DOLOSTONE

Kasota Stone: ONEOTA DOLOSTONE

Kershaw Gray Granite: KERSHAW GRANITE

Kershaw Pink Granite: KERSHAW GRANITE

Kitledge Gray Granite: MILFORD GRAY GRANITE

L

L’Anse Stone: JACOBSVILLE SANDSTONE

Lake Placid Blue Granite: MARCY METANORTHOSITE

Lake Superior Brownstone: JACOBSVILLE SANDSTONE (Michigan sources); CHEQUAMEGON SANDSTONE or ORIENTA SANDSTONE (Wisconsin sources)

Lake Superior Sandstone: JACOBSVILLE SANDSTONE (Michigan sources); CHEQUAMEGON SANDSTONE or ORIENTA SANDSTONE (Wisconsin sources)

Lang’s Black Granite: ADDISON GABBRO

Languedoc Marble: LANGUEDOC LIMESTONE

Lannon Stone: LANNON DOLOSTONE

Lens Stone: BOIS DES LENS LIMESTONE

Levanto Marble: ROSSO LEVANTO OPHICALCITE

Limra Limestone: ANTALYA LIMESTONE

Longmeadow Stone: PORTLAND SANDSTONE

Luna Pearl Granite: BUDDUSÒ GRANITE

M

Madison Granite: CONWAY GRANITE

Maine & New Hampshire Green Granite: CONWAY GRANITE

Manhattan Stone: COTTONWOOD LIMESTONE

Mankato-Kasota Limestone: ONEOTA DOLOSTONE

Massangis Roche Jaune: MASSANGIS LIMESTONE

Mesabi Black Granite: SOUTH KAWISHIWI TROCTOLITE

Mesabi Heights Granite: HINSDALE GRANITE

Mexican Onyx: MEXICAN ONYX TRAVERTINE

Michigan Buff Sandstone: NAPOLEON SANDSTONE

Michigan Buffstone: NAPOLEON SANDSTONE

Michigan Green Buff: NAPOLEON SANDSTONE

Milford Pink Granite: MILFORD GRANITE

Milwaukee County Limestone: WAUWATOSA DOLOSTONE

Minnesota Granite: HINSDALE GRANITE

Minnesota Black Granite: SOUTH KAWISHIWI TROCTOLITE

Missouri Red Granite: GRANITEVILLE GRANITE

Mondariz Gris Granite: MONDARIZ GRANITE

Montclair Danby Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Moonlit Rose Granite: CARLTON GRANITE

Moss Green (New York) Granite: MARCY METANORTHOSITE

Mountain Green Granite: MARCY METANORTHOSITE

Mount Airy Granite: MOUNT AIRY GRANDIORITE

Mount Desert Granite: SOMESVILLE GRANITE

N

Naperville Limestone: NAPERVILLE DOLOSTONE

Napoleon Gray Marble: BURLINGTON-KEOKUK LIMESTONE

Napoleon Red Granite: SOUTHERN SWEDISH RED GRANITE

Neapolitan Yellow Tuff: PHLEGREAN FIELDS TUFF

Nembro Giallo di S. Ambrogio: ROSSO AMMONITICO VERONESE LIMESTONE

Nero Assuluto Zimbabwe Granite: MASHONALAND DIABASE

Nero Zimbabwe Granite: MASHONALAND DIABASE

New Hampshire Pink Granite: CONWAY GRANITE

Noir Nordic Granite: LAC-SAINT-JEAN ANORTHOSITE

North Carolina Granite: MOUNT AIRY GRANODIORITE

North Country Unfading Black Slate: TEMISCOUATA SLATE

Norway White Granite: STØREN TRONDHJEMITE

Norwegian Blue Granite: LARVIKITE MONZONITE

O

Ohio Sandstone: BEREA SANDSTONE

Oolitic Limestone: SALEM LIMESTONE

Ordinario Marble: CARRARA MARBLE

Oriental Granite: MORTON GNEISS

Original Minnesota Pink Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

P

Paonazzo Marble: CARRARA MARBLE

Pennsylvania Serpentine: CHESTER COUNTY SERPENTINITE

Peribonka Black Granite: LAC-SAINT-JEAN ANORTHOSITE

Peterhead Granite: ABERDEENSHIRE GRANITE

Piperno: PHLEGREAN FIELDS TUFF

Plymouth Granite: WESTWOOD GRANITE

Plymouth Stone: WESTWOOD GRANITE

Porfido Rosso: IMPERIAL PORPHYRY

Portage Entry Stone: JACOBSVILLE SANDSTONE

Portage Red Stone: JACOBSVILLE SANDSTONE

Portland Brownstone: PORTLAND SANDSTONE

Portoro Marble: PORTORO LIMESTONE

Portuguese Royal White Granite: PEDRAS SALGADAS GRANITE

Portuguese White Granite: PEDRAS SALGADAS GRANITE

Prairie Brown Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

Primax Black Granite: MELLEN ANORTHOSITE

R

Racine Limestone: RACINE DOLOSTONE

Railroad Granite: QUINCY GRANITE

Rainbow Granite: MORTON GNEISS

Raindrop Stone: JACOBSVILLE SANDSTONE

RAV: ROSSO AMMONITICO VERONESE LIMESTONE

Red Alicante Marble: ALICANTE LIMESTONE

Red Rock Sandstone: DUNREATH SANDSTONE

Redstone Granite: CONWAY GRANITE

Redstone Green Granite: CONWAY GRANITE

Red Verona Marble: ROSSO AMMONITICO VERONESE LIMESTONE

Red Westerly Granite: NARRAGANSETT PIER GRANTE

Rockport Granite: CAPE ANN GRANITE

Rockport Gray Granite: CAPE ANN GRANITE

Rockport Green Granite: CAPE ANN GRANITE

Rockville Beige Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Rockville Pink Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Rockville White Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Rojo Alicante Marble: ALICANTE LIMESTONE

Roman Travertine: TIVOLI TRAVERTINE

Rosa Florida Marble: BUIXCARRÓ LIMESTONE

Rosa Porriño Granite: PORRIÑO GRANITE

Rosetta Black Granite: MELLEN ANORTHOSITE

Rosso di Levanto Marble: LEVANTO OPHICALCITE

Rosso Verona Marble: ROSSO AMMONITICO VERONESE LIMESTONE

Rouge de Rance Marble: BELGIAN RED LIMESTONE

Rouge Griotte Marble: BELGIAN RED LIMESTONE

Rouge Jasper Marble: POURCIEUX BRECCIA

Rouge Languedoc Marble: LANGUEDOC LIMESTONE

Royal Danby Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Royal St. Remy Marble: BELGIAN RED LIMESTONE

Rubislaw Granite: ABERDEENSHIRE GRANITE

Rutland Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

S

Salida Pink Granite: SALIDA GRANITE

Salida Rose Pink Granite: SALIDA GRANITE

Salisbury Pink Granite: SALISBURY GRANITE

Sardegna Gray Granite: BUDDUSÒ GRANITE

Sauk Rapids Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

Scotch Granite: ABERDEENSHIRE GRANITE

Scottish Granite: ABERDEENSHIRE GRANITE

Seam-faced Granite: WESTWOOD GRANITE

Second Statuario Rutland Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Seisholtzville Granite: SEISHOLTZVILLE GRANODIORITE

Sequoya Granite: MILBANK AREA GRANITE

Shawangunk Grit: SHAWANGUNK CONGLOMERATE

Sicilian Marble: CARRARA MARBLE

Silver Cloud Imperial Granite: CONYERS GNEISS

Snowmass Statuary Marble: YULE MARBLE

Spanish Pink Granite: ROSA PORRIÑO GRANITE

Sprucehead Granite: SPRUCE HEAD GRANITE

Standard Black Granite: HÄGGHULT DIABASE

Statuario Marble: CARRARA MARBLE

Statuario Colorado Marble: YULE MARBLE

St. Cloud Gray Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

St. Cloud Red Granite: ST. CLOUD AREA GRANITE

St. Henry Black Granite: LAC-SAINT-JEAN ANORTHOSITE

Stony Creek Granite: STONY CREEK GNEISS

Støren Silver White Granite: STØREN TRONDHJEMITE

Sunset Beige Granite: TOWN MOUNTAIN GRANITE

Sunset Red Granite: TOWN MOUNTAIN GRANITE

Sweden Red Granite: SOUTHERN SWEDISH RED GRANITE

Swedish Black Granite: HÄGGHULT DIABASE

T

Taillon Black Granite: LAC-SAINT-JEAN ANORTHOSITE

Tapestry Gray Granite: MILFORD GRAY GRANITE

Tennessee Marble: HOLSTON LIMESTONE

Texas Pearl Granite: TOWN MOUNTAIN GRANITE

Texas Pink Granite: TOWN MOUNTAIN GRANITE

Texas Red Granite: TOWN MOUNTAIN GRANITE

Tinos Green Marble: TINOS OPHICALCITE

V

Valders Limestone: VALDERS DOLOSTONE

Valders Dove White Limestone: VALDERS DOLOSTONE

Vånga Granite: SOUTHERN SWEDISH RED GRANITE

Veined Ebony Black Granite: MELLEN ANORTHOSITE

Verde Alpi Marble: AOSTA VALLEY OPHICALCITE

Verde Lavras Granite: LAVRAS GNEISS

Verde Patricia Marble: AOSTA VALLEY OPHICALCITE

Verde Patrizia Marble: AOSTA VALLEY OPHICALCITE

Vermont Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Vermont Danby Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

Vermont Verde Antique Marble: VERMONT SERPENTINITE

Vermont Verde Antique Serpentine: VERMONT SERPENTINITE

Vert de Maurin Marble: MAURIN OPHICALCITE

Vert Maurin Marble: MAURIN OPHICALCITE

Virginia Mist Granite: RAPIDAN DIABASE

W

Waukesha Limestone: WAUKESHA AREA DOLOSTONE

Wausau Red Granite: WAUSAU GRANITE

Wauwatosa Limestone: WAUWATOSA DOLOSTONE

Westerly Granite: NARRAGANSETT PIER GRANTE

West Rutland Marble: SHELBURNE MARBLE

White Georgia Marble: MURPHY MARBLE

White Mount Airy Granite: MOUNT AIRY GRANDIORITE

Williams Blue Sky Granite: CARLTON GRANITE

Winona Travertine: ONEOTA DOLOSTONE

Wisconsin Limestone: often refers to LANNON DOLOSTONE

Wisconsin Red Granite: WAUSAU GRANITE

Woodbury Gray Granite: WOODBURY GRANITE

Y

Yule Creek Marble: YULE MARBLE

Yule Colorado Marble: YULE MARBLE

Z

Zimbabwe Black Granite: MASHONALAND DIABASE